The International Arab Journal of Information Technology (IAJIT)


A Multi-Group Structural Equation Modeling For Assessing Behavioral Intention of Using Mobile Cloud Computing-The Case of Jordanian Universities During The Covid19 Pandemic

The adoption of new technologies in Jordanian Universities related to cloud services, shows differences in practices between faculty and staff members. Resistance to adoption may accrue by faculty and staff members who are accustomed and favoring old practices. A questionnaire was developed based on the Unified Theory of Acceptance and Use of Technology (UTAUT) model to identify factors that affect behavioral intentions that lead to the use of mobile cloud computing during the covid-19 pandemic, taking into consideration Work-type as the mediating factor. Five Jordanian Universities participated in this study, with a total response of 153 faculty and staff members. The conceptual proposed model was tested to ensure the fitness of the structural model for providing correct estimations. The collected sample was subjected to confirmatory factor analysis to ensure construct, convergent and discriminant validity. The results came positive in terms of composite reliability as they were above 0.70, for Average Variance Extracted (AVE) it came more than 0.05and Cronbach alpha exceeded 0.70. The results revealed the fitness of the proposed model to measure differences in behavioral intentions towards adopting mobile cloud services between faculty members and employees. Moreover, the results showed that work type had some interesting moderating impact on the tested relationships. Moreover, the results showed that there is a high Behavioral Intention (BI) between faculty and staff to use mobile cloud services and solutions within their workplace. In addition, the results showed some inequalities of the behavioral intention toward the adoption of mobile cloud services in Jordanian Universities between the two groups. These results call the university administration to clarify these factors for user groups to obtain a better judgment on investment and future practices for using new technologies.


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[37] Yassein M., Hmeidi I., Alsmadi A., and Shatnawi M., “Cloud Computing Role in Internet of Things: Business Community Survey,” in Proceedings of 11th International Conference on Information and Communication Systems, Irbid, pp. 343-348, 2020. Nasim Matar is an Assistant Professor and the Head of Business Intelligence and Data Analytics Department at University of Petra. Nasim obtained his PhD from Anglia Ruskin University in UK in the field of Computing and information Technologies. He is the founder of Business Intelligence and Data Analytics specialization in Jordan. His interests is in the field of e-sciences, Cloud and mobile computing, Machine learning and Data Analytics. Dr. Nasim has many publications in the specified interests and more than 10 written books and chapters. Tirad Almalahmeh is an Assistant professor in the Department of Management Information Systems at University of Petra where he has been a faculty member since 2014. Tirad completed his University Malaya and his undergraduate studies at Mutah University. His research interests lie in the area of artificial intelligence, semantic technology and Information retrieval. Bilal Sowan is currently an associate professor at the Faculty of Administrative and Financial Sciences, Department of Business Intelligence and Data Analytics, University of Petra, Amman, Jordan. Dr. Sowan holds a Ph.D. degree in Computing from the University of Bradford, UK. His research interests are in data mining, machine learning, and business intelligence. Saheer Al-Jaghoub is an associate professor and is currently the Dean of the Faculty of Administrative and Financial Sciences at the University of Petra. Saheer obtained her PhD from the University of Manchester, UK in the area of using information communication technologies in developing counties and has published a number of papers in this area. Her research interests are currently in Entrepreneurship in e-business projects. Wasef Mater received his PhD in Information systems from UTM (Malaysia) in 2017, from 2017 until now assistance professor at E- Business Department in University of Petra, Jordan. Dr. Wasef Mater was reviewer form IRICT conference and publish many papers in Scopus journals. Dr. Wasef Mater is interested in E-business area and health information systems.