The International Arab Journal of Information Technology (IAJIT)


Echo State Network Optimization using Hybrid- Structure Based Gravitational Search Algorithm

The Echo-State Network (ESN) is a robust recurrent neural network and a generalized form of classical neural networks in time-series model designs. ESN inherits a simple approach for training and demonstrates the high computational capability to solve non-linear problems. However, input weights and the reservoir's internal weights are pre-defined when optimizing with only the output weight matrix. This paper proposes a Hybrid Gravitational Search Algorithm (HGSA) to compute ESN output weights. In Gravitational Search Algorithm (GSA), Square Quadratic Programming (SQP) is united as a local search strategy to raise the standard GSA algorithm's efficiency. Later, an HGSA-SQP and the validation data set to establish the relation configuration of the ESN output weights. Experimental results indicate that the proposed configuration of HGSA-SQP- ESN is more efficient than the other conventional models of ESN with the minimum generalization error.

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[17] Zhou H. and Qiao J., “Soft Sensing of Effluent Ammonia Nitrogen Using Rule Automatic Formation-Based Adaptive Fuzzy Neural Network,” Desalination and Water Treatment, vol. 140, pp. 132-142, 2019. Zohaib Ahmad has completed his Ph.D. from the school of Electronics & Information Engineering, Beijing University of Technology, Beijing. Zohaib Ahmed's Interests include Artificial Intelligence, Pattern Recognition, and Machine Learning. Muhammad Qasim Memon is currently working as an Assistant Professor in the Department of Computer Science, University of Sufism and Modern Sciences, Bhitshah. Dr. Memon is also a Post- doctorate fellow at the Advanced Innovation Center for Future Education (AICFE), Faculty of Education, Beijing Normal University, China. He received his Ph.D. degree from the School of Software Engineering at Beijing University of Technology, China, in 2018. He received his Bachelor of Engineering and Master of Engineering from Mehran University of Engineering & Technology Jamshoro (MUET) in 2009 and 2014. Dr. Qasim has published several papers in international conferences and research journals indexed in SCI., EI., and Scopus. Dr. Memon's research interests include Educational Data Mining, Text Analytics, Information Extraction, and Technology Education. Aasma Memon completed her Ph.D. from the School of Economics and Management at Beijing University of Technology, China. She received her Bachelor in Arts and Masters in Public Administration from the University of Sindh, Jamshoro, Pakistan, in 2008 and 2012. Her research interests include firm performance and corporate sustainability, human resource management, and data mining. Parveen Munshi is currently working as a professor of Education and vice-chancellor in Sufism and Modern Sciences, Bhitshah. She completed her Ph.D. from Hamdard University, Karachi, in 2003. She completed her Master's and bachelor's in Education from the University of Sindh in 1986 and 1983. Dr. Munshi's research interests include Education Analytics, Psychological testing, Distance Education, and Computer Education. Muhammad jaffar Memon is currently working at the SZAB campus, Mehran University of Engineering & Technology, Khairpur. He completed his Ph.D. from the College of Environmental Engineering at Beijing University of Chemical Technology, Beijing. Dr. Memon's research Include Biomass, Bioenergy, Air Pollution, and Water Pollution.