The International Arab Journal of Information Technology (IAJIT)


Shearing Invariant Texture Descriptor from a Local

In this paper, a Shearing Invariant Texture Descriptor (SITD) is proposed, which is a theoretically and computationally simple method based on the Rotation invariant Local Binary Pattern (Rot-LBP) descriptor. In real-world applications using flatbed scanners, such as paper texture fingerprinting, it’s common for a sheet of paper to rotate during the image acquisition process. Because the rotation is usually not based on the paper’s geometrical centre pivot, the produced image is deformed with irregular rotation resulting in shearing transforms. To tackle the shearing problem, the proposed SITD selects a few patterns from the conventional Rot-LBP to achieve either horizontal or vertical invariance. This paper presents the construction of the SITD operators and their performance in recognizing self-developed and standard image datasets, including real paper texture and Outex images, as well as those with distinctive shapes. The images were distorted with only a shearing transform. The self-developed images were distorted manually, while the standard images were distorted by software. The proposed description method achieved up to 100% correctly recognition rate in all the tested datasets based on the horizontal shear invariant operator. In addition to the accurate performance in all the conducted experiments, the operator significantly outperformed the Rot-LBP and another benchmark method, the Shearing Moment Invariant (SMI). The superiority of the descriptor in recognizing different types of patterns demonstrate its ability to be used in applications where the shearing transform is present.

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[29] uni J., Hirota K., and Rosin L., A Hu Moment Invariant as A Shape Circularity 412 The International Arab Journal of Information Technology, Vol. 14, No. 3, May 2017 Measure, Pattern Recognition, vol. 43, no. 1, pp. 47-57, 2010. Omar Wahdan Received the B.Sc. (2008) in computer science from the University of Baghdad and M.Sc. (2011) in Artificial Intelligence from the Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia (UKM). Currently, he pursues his Ph.D. in the field of texture authentication at the Faculty of Information Science and Technology-UKM. He is also Graduate Research Assistant at the same Faculty. His research interest includes pattern recognition applications where he has authored several publications in this area. Mohammad Nasrudin is an active researcher at the Centre for Artificial Intelligence Technology (CAIT), UKM. He obtained his B. of Business Administration degree majoring in Computer Information System at the Western Michigan University. He received a master s from Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia (UKM) and a Ph.D. in AI by joining the Malaysia-Imperial College Doctoral Programme. Mohammad's doctoral thesis was a study of image feature construction using the Trace transform, which was guided by the late Prof. Maria Petrou. His current research focuses on document analysis and recognition and metaheuristic optimization. Khairuddin Omar Received his BSc and M.Sc. in Computer Science from Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia (UKM) in 1986 and 1989, respectively, and Ph.D. in 2000 from Universiti Putra Malaysia. Currently, he is a Professor at the Faculty of Information Science and Technology, UKM. His research interests includes AI, pattern recognition in decision making with uncertainty-Bayesian Reasoning, Neural Networks, Fuzzy Logic, Fuzzy Neural Networks, 2D and 3D image processing, edge detection, thinning, segmentation, feature extraction, texture, resolution, Fourier, Wavelet, etc., with applications to Jawi/Arabic Manuscripts, biometric authentication.