The International Arab Journal of Information Technology (IAJIT)


Potential of Computer-Supported Collaborative Learning Application Use in Malaysian Schools

The evolution of courseware in schools with its various attributes, strengths and limitations are increasing. The situation in Malaysian context is not widely known. Particularly with the government effort in implementing the smart school project, the readiness among school teachers would play important role. This paper focuses on the evolution of courseware in schools in general and discusses its attributes, strengths and limitations. Then, the paper presents the details of the survey on collaborative learning carried out among school teachers. The important issues that will be investigated include. the awareness of CL activities, the awareness of using CSCL applications, the teachers involvement in CSCL application development, the CL main and CL success factors.


[1] Abas Z. W., “CYBER EDGE: Concerted Effort to Help Schools Become 'Smart',” NST, Kuala Lumpur, December 1998.

[2] Bell P., Davis E. A., and Linn M. C., “The Knowledge Integration Environment: Theory and Design,” in Proceedings of CSCL’95, 1995.

[3] Caroll J. M., Rosson M. B., Chin G., and Koenemann J., “Requirements Developments in Scenario-Based Design,” IEEE Transactions on Software Engineering, vol. 24, no. 12, pp. 1156- 1170, December 1998.

[4] Charp S., “Trends in Using Computers in Education,” in Proceedings of the 5th Jerusalem Conference in Information Technology, pp.644- 646, 1990.

[5] Chin G. and Rosson M. B., “Progressive Design: Staged Evolution of Scenarios in the Design of a Collaborative Science Learning Environment,” in Proceedings of CHI'98, pp.18-23, 1998.

[6] Doll W. J. and Deng X., “Should End-User Participates as Much as they Want in the Development of Collaborative Application?,” in Proceedings of 32nd Hawaii International Conference on System Science, 1999.

[7] Edelson D., Gomez L., Polman J., Gordin D., and Fishman B., “Scaffolding Student Inquiry with Collaborative Visualization Tools,” in Proceedings of the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association, New Orleans, LA, April 1994.

[8] Gan S. L., “Development and Using Courseware for Cooperative Learning Activities in the Classroom,” in Proceedings of the Asia Pacific Information Technology in Teaching and Education, Brisbane, Australia, June 1994.

[9] Gan S. L. and Chan S. H., “Mirroring Schools Practices through a Call Material Adaptation Activity in the Teacher Education Program,” in Proceedings of the International Conference on Teacher Education in the Asia-Pacific Region, Hong Kong, June 1995.

[10] Smith B. L. and MacGregor J., Collaborative Learning: A Sourcebook for Higher Education, in Goodsell A., Maher M., and Tinto V. (Eds), National Center for Post Secondary Teaching Learning and Assesment (NCTL), 1992.

[11] Guzdial M., Rappin N., and Carlson D., “Collaborative and Multimedia Interactive Learning Environment for Engineering Education,” in Proceedings of the ACM Symposium on Applied Computing Nashville, TN: ACM Press, pp. 5-9, 1995.

[12] Isaacs D., “Multimedia in Education – Social Implications,” in Proceedings of IEEE International Conference in Multimedia Engineering Education, pp.17-27, 1996.

[13] Johnson D. W., Johnson R. T., Holubec E. J., and Roy P., “Circles of Learning: Cooperation in the Classroom,” ASCD, Virginia, 1984.

[14] Kasirun Z. M. and Salim S. S., “A Study of Collaborative Learning Problems and Success Factors to Support the Development of CSCL Applications,” in Proceedings of the International Conference e-Education: Implementation & Management, Kuala Lumpur, 29-30th October 2001. Potential of Computer-Supported Collaborative Learning Application Use in Malaysian Schools 195

[15] Kasirun Z. M. and Salim S. S., “An Evolution of the Use of Courseware in School,” in Proceedings of the International Conference on Organization Development and Leadership in Education, Kuala Lumpur, 30th January, 2 February 2001.

[16] Khalifa M., “Effects of Hypertext on Knowledge Construction,” in Proceedings of 31st Annual Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences, Collaboration System & Technology, Kohala Coast, vol. 1, Jan 6-9 1998.

[17] Klemme M., “Computer Support for Teaching and Learning,” in Proceedings of the 6th Australian Conference on Computer-Human Interaction, pp.340-341, 1998.

[18] Lauenbacher G. E., Campbell J. D., Sorrows B. B., and Mahling D. E., “Supporting Collaborative, Problem-based Learning Through Information System Technology,” in Proceedings of Frontiers in Education Conference at the 27th Annual Conference Teaching and learning in an Era of Change, vol. 3, pp.1252-1256, 1997.

[19] Lee P. M. and Sullivan W. G., “Developing and Implementing Interactive Multimedia in Education,” IEEE Transactions on Education, vol. 39, no. 3, August 1996.

[20] MOE, “Smart School Conceptual Blueprint,” MOE of Malaysia, 9 July 1997.

[21] Scardamalia M. and Bereiter C., Computer Support for Knowledge-Building Communities, in Koschmann T. (Ed), CSCL: Theory and Practice of an Emerging Paradigm, Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, 1996.

[22] SPSS® , Base 10 Applications Guide, INSO Corporation, USA, 1999.

[23] Tan S. T. and Tan L. K., “CHEMMAT: An Assistant to Chemistry Teachers,” in Proceedings of IEEE International Conference on Multimedia Engineering Education, pp. 475-483, 1996.

[24] Wan D. and Johnson P. M., “Computer Supported Collaborative Learning Using CLARE: The Approach and Experimental Findings,” in Proceedings of CSCW'94, USA, pp 187-198, 1994. Zarinah Kasirun is a doctorate candidate at the Department of Software Engineering, Faculty of Computer Science and Information Technology in University of Malaya. Her research interests include software engineering, requirements engineering and computer-supported collaborative learning. She has published a number of international conference papers related to these areas. Siti Salwa Salim is currently an associate professor at the Faculty of Computer Science and Information Technology, University of Malaya. She obtained her PhD in computer science from the University of Manchester in 1998. Her current research interests include computer supported collaborative learning, human computer interaction, web-agents, software requirements engineering and usability engineering.